The Speaker
Thursday, 13 June 2024 – 05:50
Stormont - Parliament buildings in Northern Ireland

How Politics Works in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is a country home to around 1.8 million people, located in the northeast of the island of Ireland.

Northern Ireland is described in different ways, but usually as a country or region that is part of the United Kingdom. The country shares a border with the Republic of Ireland.

Northern Ireland was created back in 1921 when Ireland was partitioned between Northern and Southern Ireland. The majority of Northern Ireland’s population were ‘unionists’ – people who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom. However, a significant number were ‘nationalists’, wishing for the reunification of Ireland and independence from Britain. Unionists tended to be Protestant and nationalists tended to be Catholics – politics in Northern Ireland is still largely centred around religion today.

Politics in Northern Ireland is complex and has a complicated history. Click through the tabs below to learn more about how politics works in Northern Ireland both today and historically.


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