Japan is an island country of East Asia which is home to around 127 million people.
Japan is a significant power on the world stage and has one of the largest economies in the world. It is also a world leader in science, technology, and electronics. The country adopted a Constitution following the Second World of War, part of which makes it settling international disputes through law illegal.
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The executive branch of Government consists of the Emperor, Prime Minister and Cabinet.
Japan has a head of state, known as the Emperor. The Emperor of Japan is a ceremonial role according to Japan’s Constitution. The powers of the emperor are limited. The Emperor is responsible for appointing the Prime Minister and also the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. However, in appointing the Prime Minister, he must appoint the candidate decided by the National Diet (Parliament) and he must appoint the candidate for the position of Chief Justice decided by the Cabinet. In these ways, the Emperor holds a similar ceremonial role to Her Majesty the Queen here in the UK.
The Prime Minister is nominated by the National Diet and appointed by the Emperor. The Prime Minister is the head of the Government and also the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Japan. The Cabinet is led by the Prime Minister and consists of 19 other members, usually known as Ministers of State, and these people are appointed by the Prime Minister.
The legislature (law-making) body in Japan is the National Diet (the equivalent of the Houses of Parliament). The National Diet is the supreme power of Japan.
The highest court in Japan is the Supreme Court and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is appointed by the Emperor.