The Speaker
Sunday, 21 July 2024 – 07:59
Inside Scotland's Parliament building

How Politics Works in Scotland

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and is home to approximately 5.4 million people.

Scotland is located in the North of Great Britain but also includes more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles.

Scotland first emerged as an independent state as the Kingdom of Scotland in the European Early Middle Ages. In 1707, Scotland entered into a political union with England to great Great Britain. At this stage, powers over Scotland were largely transferred to England with the creation of the Parliament of Great Britain – a Parliament that succeeded (took over from) the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. The Scottish legal system and other cultural elements did though remain in Scotland.

While a country of the United Kingdom, Scotland has come to have an increasing number of powers in recent decades thanks to devolution (the delegation of power to a lower level).

Click through the tabs below to learn more about how politics works in Scotland.


Skip to content